355th fighter wing
Third, provide every member of the Desert Lightning Team with responsive, tailored and mission-focused base support. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History. Regular Air Force operations at McGhee Tyson ended on 8 January 1958 when the 355th Group and the 354th Squadron inactivated, and the base was turned over to the Tennessee Air National Guard, which had organized the 134th Fighter Group there the previous month. All units are based at Davis–Monthan AFB, Arizona. In early 1975, the 355 TFW prepared for conversion to the A-10A Thunderbolt II receiving the first four A-10As in March 1976. Assigned pilots were also credited with 22 MiG aerial victories, eight MiGs destroyed on the ground, and another nine damaged. The 355th Fighter Group was first activated 12 November 1942. The fighter group destroyed or damaged 1,500 enemy planes, making it the top strafing outfit in the VIII Fighter Command during World War II. The group provided fighter cover for Allied forces landing in Normandy on 6 June 1944, and afterwards hit transportation facilities to cut enemy supply lines. On 13 April 1962 the 355th Tactical Fighter Wing was established and activated at George AFB, California, being equipped with the new F-105 Thunderchief. On 13 April 1962 the 355th Tactical Fighter Wing was established and activated at George AFB, California, being equipped with the new F-105 Thunderchief. Assignments. On 3 July the group transferred to Gablingen, Germany for duty with United States Air Forces in Europe as part of the army of occupation. Note the postwar orange/yellow occupation stripes on the fuselage. The 355th's mission is threefold: First, deploy, employ, support and sustain attack airpower and Airmen in support of Combatant Commanders anywhere in the world. The squadron trains pilots to plan, coordinate, execute, and control day and night close air support and battlefield surveillance and reconnaissance.  The group replaced the 516th Air Defense Group and assumed its mission, personnel and equipment at McGhee Tyson Airport, near Knoxville Tennessee. Second, train the finest attack pilots for the Combat Air Forces. Activated on 1 Jul 1971. Hit fuel dumps, locomotives, and other targets in support of ground forces during the breakthrough at Saint-Lô in July. It is stationed at Davis–Monthan Air Force Base in Tucson, Arizona, where it operates the A-10 Thunderbolt II.  The group served as the United States Air Force host organization for active duty units at McGhee Tyson and was assigned a number of maintenance and support units to carry out this function.. It achieved operationally-ready status in 1972. By war’s end the 355 FG logged more than 17,000 sorties in P-47s and P-51s while destroying 862.5 enemy aircraft. The 355th Fighter Wing currently provides air assets to Air Expeditionary unit commanders involved in operations around the globe, as part of the Global War on Terrorism. Flying the F-86D Sabre, the group provided fighter defense for the Oak Ridge Atomic Energy Plant, the Tennessee Valley Authority dams, and the eastern region of the United States. Photograph probably taken from a B-17 or B-24 bomber with the fighter on an escort mission inbound to a target in Occupied Europe in 1943. In 2011, the wing deployed for six months to Osan AB, Republic of South Korea in support of Pacific Command’s Theater Security Package (TSP). Aircraft is North American P-51B-15-NA Mustang serial 42-105950. Initially, the wing had four squadrons (333d, 354th, 357th and 358th) equipped with the new A-7D Corsair II ground air support aircraft. Note the external auxiliary fuel tank. On 3 July the group transferred to Gablingen, Germany for duty with United States Air Forces in Europe as part of the army of occupation. Agencies falling under the auspices of the 355th Fighter Wing include the staff judge advocate, Manpower, the chaplain, public affairs, the historian, Military Equal Opportunity, safety and the treaty compliance office. Another change saw the 41st and 43d Electronic Combat Squadrons fall under the operational control of the 55th Electronic Combat Group, 55th Wing at Offutt Air Force Base in Nebraska. Initially, the wing had four squadrons (333d, 354th, 357th and 358th) equipped with the new A-7D Corsair II ground air support aircraft. The squadron directs operational support functions including airfield, air traffic control, and weather services, weapons and tactics, plans and exercises, and intelligence for an operations group with three A-10C squadrons. The initial deployment in 1995 required 12 A-10s. With these diverse units as part of the organization, the designation was changed to the 355th Wing on 1 May 1992. Nicknamed "PACAF's Pride," the unit received three Presidential Unit Citations and three Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards with the combat "V" device. 355th History The legacy and heritage of the 355th Fighter Wing (FW) began on 12 November 1942 when it was activated as the 355th Fighter Group (FG) at Orlando Army Air Base, Florida. The group was under the command of the 65th Fighter Wing of the VIII Fighter Command, Eighth Air Force. Handwritten caption on reverse: 'P-51B of the 355th Fighter Group in flight over England, August 1944. During this reorganization, new squadrons were added to the existing wing structure, while some squadrons were realigned under new group commanders. The 355th Wing regularly participated in air support exercises such as Air Warrior and weapons competitions such as Long Rifle, in which it consistently captured top A-10 honors. On 1 April 1962, the 355 FG activated at George AFB, California as the 355th Tactical Fighter Wing (TFW), flying the Republic F-105 Thunderchief. By 1979, the wing had completely transitioned to the A-10 and achieved operationally ready status. Originally equipped with Republic P-47 Thunderbolts, the group began using North American P-51 Mustangs in Spring, 1944.. It provides war-fighters with forces for close air support (CAS), forward air control (FAC), combat search and rescue (CSAR). The wing's pilots were credited with twenty airborne kills of MiG aircraft and eight aircraft destroyed on the ground. In 1991 during Operation Desert Storm, when 355th-trained A-10 pilots destroyed 1,000 tanks, 2,000 vehicles, 1,200 artillery pieces, and two helicopters. This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/. On 1 September 1979, Tactical Air Command took the 355th off deployment status and redesignated it as the 355th Tactical Training Wing becoming the USAF's A-10 Thunderbolt II Operational Training Unit. The 355th Fighter Wing currently provides air assets to Air Expeditionary unit commanders involved in operations around the globe, as part of the Global War on Terrorism.  The 355th Fighter Wing currently provides air assets to Air Expeditionary unit commanders involved in operations around the globe, as part of the Global War on Terrorism. Note the postwar orange/yellow occupation stripes on the fuselage, Only 355th FG pilot to become Ace in a day (5 December 1944), Koraleski subsequently shortened his last name and legally changed it to "Koral", Part of the 2nd Scouting Force within the 355th FG, Also credited with 1 aerial victory while serving with 4th FG. Activated on 1 Jul 1971. As the wing entered the 1990s, it continued to train A-10 crews for assignments to units in the United States, England, and South Korea. Aircraft is Republic P-47D-2-RE Thunderbolt serial 42-8400. The group also flew fighter sweeps, area patrols, and bombing missions, striking such targets as air parks, locomotives, bridges, radio stations, and armoured cars. The 355th Fighter Wing falls under 12th Air Force, headquartered at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, and Air Combat Command, headquartered at Langley Air Force Base, Virginia.
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