list of dictators in the world
There are currently 17 dictators in Africa, some worse than others. Some dictatorships may have secret police, indefinite arrests, and concentration camps. He was born in a Bedouin tent near Sirte. President Obiang has been in power for 40 years after ousting his uncle, Francisco Macías Nguema, and sentencing him to death by firing squad. The Cambodian genocide was carried out by the Khmer Rouge regime led by Pol Pot between 1975 and 1979 in which an estimated 1.5 to 3 million people died. Dictators, including Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin, Napoleon and Kim Jong-un, reveal what happens when one person is given unchecked power. The War in Darfur, often cited as one of the world’s worst humanitarian disasters, caused nearly 3 million people to displace and registered 300,000 deaths. Kim Jong-un became the supreme leader of North Korea in 2011, succeeding his father Kim Jong-il. He was overthrown by his former colleagues in the Fascist government in July 1943 and ultimately shot dead in April 1945. This means that the ruler or party has complete control, and the rights of the people are suppressed. Typically, dictators are put into power when a nation faces significant social issues, such as high unemployment rates or unrest among the nation's people. His wealth is estimated to be approximately $600 million. Joseph Stalin ruled the Soviet Union for more than two decades, instituting a reign of death and terror while modernizing Russia and helping to defeat Nazism. Gilad Rom / (Multi-license with GFDL and Creative Commons CC-BY 2.5) Kim Il Sung is responsible for the deaths of at least 1.6 million political opponents and civilians through starvation, and invading South Korea. That includes the unraveling of social organizations and democratic institutions, the prohibition of other political parties, and the replacement of the nation's constitution. Now in its seventh year, PARADE's annual list. Kim Jong-il While autocratic countries are not always malevolent, they are continuing to face rising resistance. Robert Mugabe is a former teacher, which partially explains why Zimbabwe has one of the highest literacy rates in the world. As the successor to his father, Hafez, Bashar al-Assad has continued with his father's brutal rule of Syria. Those who believe that he is a dictator argue that he removed freedom of speech; the press can only publish what he allows them to; imprisons his opponents, and he has structured the government so that it keeps him at the top and gives him the most power. One of the most powerful leaders of the 20th century, Adolf Hitler was a German dicator whose policies started the WWII that resulted in the death of millions of people. Often confused with a dictatorship, autocracy is a governance system headed by a single ruler called an autocrat. This list of regimes lists the results of regime-classification schemes from political science literature, including Polity data series and the Democracy-Dictatorship Index. Is Russia a dictatorship? The Cambodian Civil War resulted in the establishment of Democratic Kampuchea by the victorious Khmer Rouge, which planned to create a form of agrarian socialism founded on the ideals of Stalinism and … President Faustin Archange Touadera of the, President Felix Tshisekedi of the Republic of Congo, President Denis Sassou Nguesso of the Congo, President Teodoro Mbasogo of Equatorial Guinea, President Abdel Fattah Abdelrahman Burhan of Sudan. The autocrat's decisions are not subject to legal restraints, and the autocrat exercised unlimited and undisputed power. There are five kinds of dictatorships in total, including: Dictatorships are run by one person who holds all of the country's power. 10. In the last four years alone, 26 African countries have had transfers of power. Mugabe started prosecuting and throwing white people out of his country in 2000, after he amended the constitution to allow him to do so. He had a visceral hatred for Jews and during his regime nearly six million Jews were killed in Holocaust. He initially gained popularity and support; however, later, his increased dominance, support for international terrorism, and human rights violation turned people against him. Dictators Around the World. This is a list of 10 world dictators who killed the most people. Fidel Castro orchestrated the Cuban Revolution and was the head of Cuba's government until 2008. Saddam was deposed in 2003 when a U.S led coalition invaded Iraq. Robert Mugabe, the President of Zimbabwe is another dictator who is often compared to Adolf Hitler for the immeasurable cruelty he inflicted on the people. Subscribe to the Biography newsletters to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. Yes, China is a dictatorship in the form of what the Constitution of the People's Republic of China calls a "people's democratic dictatorship." One of the most significant and controversial leaders of the 20th century, Mao Zedong was a communist revolutionary and the founding father of the People's Republic of China which he governed as the chairman of Chinese Communist Party. Interestingly enough, you might not recognize a dictator based on their title because many of them are called presidents, kings, prime ministers, and many other titles. There are eight dictatorships in Asia, seven in the Eurasian region of the world, and twelve spanning from Africa's northern parts to the Middle East. Known as dictators, the leaders of dictatorships often have a team of officials who make up the government of the dictatorship. The supreme leader of North Korea, Kim Jong-un, is considered a ruthless man and rules over his people with an iron fist. Obiang's regime is known for unlawful killings, torture of prisoners, government-sanctioned kidnappings, and even accusations of cannibalism. It is amazing that these people continue to rule while we busy ourselves fighting in places that are ruled by far less dangerous men. It opposed class discrimination and supported nationalism. Francisco Franco led a successful military rebellion to overthrow Spain's democratic republic in the Spanish Civil War, subsequently establishing an often brutal dictatorship that defined the country for decades. Africa has several long-standing dictators; however, they are beginning to lose power across the continent. There are many adverse effects of a dictatorship. Pol Pot, the self-proclaimed leader of the communist movement in Cambodia was another infamous dictator who is alleged to have wiped off a fifth of the Cambodian population. Kim Jong-un Kim Jong-un is North Korea’s current dictator and the third generation Kim to rule the country, following the death of his father Kim Jong-il in 2011. Is China a dictatorship? This is a list of the most evil currently reigning dictators in the world. Unfortunately, democracy is still shaky in these countries, and the possibility of another dictator rising to power is likely. A dictator is a leader who holds absolute authority and an extraordinary degree of personal power. Muammar Gaddafi. Benito Mussolini created the Fascist Party in Italy in 1919, eventually making himself dictator prior to World War II. During the Second World War, his army defeated the Nazis too. 8. Controversial Russian dictator, Joseph Stalin, ruled the Soviet Union for around 25 years from 1929 to 1953 and is credited for making it a prominent industrial and military power of the world. In addition to executive power, Putin also holds judicial and legislative power, allowing him to change laws to fit his agenda. Known for running a corrupt, undemocratic regime, Ferdinand Marcos was the president of the Philippines from 1966 to 1986 before fleeing to the United States. The dictatorships leaders are known as dictators and are usually backed by powerful groups of people. Controversial Russian dictator, Joseph Stalin, ruled the Soviet Union for around 25 years from 1929 to 1953 and is credited for making it a prominent industrial and military power of the world. Saddam Hussein was president of Iraq for more than two decades and is seen as a figurehead of the country's military conflicts with Iran and the United States. But when in power, Mussolini crushed rival political parties, trade unions, free press and free speech. Rafael Trujillo was a dictator of the Dominican Republic for decades. The list of dictators I used to blog about has dwindled considerably in the past 10 years (which is good), except it could make for an understandably duller reader experience. Some have been in power for decades, such as President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo of Equatorial New Guinea. © 2020 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. The World's 10 Worst Dictators . As of 2018, there are currently fifty nations with a dictator or authoritarian regime ruling the country to this day. Being the Prime Minister of Bangladesh since 2009 and she has been involved in many controversial scams and bribery since then. Accused of crimes against humanity, Saddam Hussein was sentenced to death in 2006. March 22, 2009 – 2:26 PM – 6 Comments. Country: Libya. Dictatorships only seem extreme and unethical to people who have not lived through them because it takes an outside perspective. Kim Il Sung. The term was a favorable feature for rulers, having no conflicts of interest in the government to their own rule. Described as one of the last of the great dictators of the 20th century, his regime caused the deaths of at least 250,000 Iraqis. From the outside looking in, life within a dictatorship is akin to being in a toxic relationship or living situation. Here are the names and titles of the fifty dictators around the world. Interestingly enough, you might not recognize a dictator based on their title because many of them are called presidents, kings, prime ministers, and many other titles. Gaddafi was a Libyan revolutionary and politician who ruled Libya for over four decades. Russia is a federal semi-presidential republic and an oligarchy. He is appreciated for numerous development work but is criticised for his authoritarian regime and policies which resulted in millions of deaths .