mr2 222d engine


So, hobbled with inherent unreliability issues, the 222D will always be a “what if” car, and because history went with the production-based Group A instead of the more radical Group S, we’ll never know just how good it could have been. The black prototype pictured throughout now lives at Toyota Motorsports headquarters in Germany, while the white one is displayed in Japan. With a mid-mounted transverse engine and the gearbox mated to it, the 222D was most similar in configuration to the Peugeot 205 T16. There were prototypes with longitudinally and transversely mounted engines. It’s hard to believe that a month prior to Nostalgic 2 Days, this AW11 Toyota MR2 was at N’s Work in Gifu-ken a different color on the outside and stripped down to the bare metal on the inside. It took me a long time to find the old parts but now there are no more. Massive power, not so wonderful handling characteristics, and poor spectator control; even in the hands of the world’s best drivers these cars were a perfect recipe for disaster, and from the point of view of both driver and spectator safety, Group A was the only real way to solve both issues with a single solution, and so the 222D project came to an abrupt end as Group S never materialized. As one can expect, the very special “222D” MR2 shared very little with the production car less its overall exterior shape. Fabbing up an AWD system, though, might prove trickier. There are no more. In addition, three different engines were reported to have been tested in the various 222D prototypes. (learn more).
For obvious commercial reasons the projected Group S rally weapon would take on the image of Toyota’s brand new mid-engine sports car at the time: the MR2. Don’t be left out—join the ranks of those who Drive Tastefully. The 222D existed somewhat in secrecy for a number of years, but Toyota is finally revealing more info on the car. Got a tip? All the cars Toyota built were registered as Japanese, and as the law there stated, if you kept a car built on an R&D budget you had to pay the tax on it. The front-engine rear-wheel drive Celica had proven to be dominant in the African Group B rallies of the 1980’s, but it was at a disadvantage on the tighter European stages. More importantly, this engine was also featured in Rod Millen’s 1994 Pikes Peak Celica – beating Ari Vatanen‘s 1988 record made with the mighty Peugeot 405 turbo 16. Various manufacturers cavorted on this field and tried out new technologies such as four-wheel drive or register charging of the engine by means of turbochargers of different sizes or a combination of turbo and supercharger. 3 existed in total. Show full articles without "Continue Reading" button for {0} hours. i love driving sports cars very much. Never knew they existed. Only 10 road-going examples would be required for homologation, compared to 200 in Group B, an attempt to encourage innovation and outside-the-box design. While in excess of 800 BHP was said to be available from the 503E, the one found in the 222D was rumoured to develop up to 750 BHP on gasoline. The rear-wheel drive car had a simpler configuration, so it had a longitudinally mounted engine with the gearbox hanging out of the back, the giant turbo pipes looped around the sides. We may earn a commission through links on our site. An AWD MkII MR2 would be a huge one-off effort. Andersson would then remain loyal to the Japanese brand while running his own rally team, which would eventually become Toyota’s official rally works department (TTE) in Cologne Germany. The 2140cc 503E engine (subsequently used in the Toyota Le Mans racers of the late-‘80s) is rated as 600bhp, and as the car only weighed 750kg it had an incredible power to weight ratio. The mid-engine sports car MR2, introduced in 1983, was chosen as a promising basis for success. Unfortunately this car is a long way from running though, as the parts it needs simply don’t exist any more. The 222D could have been Toyota's WRC entrant in the mid-1980s, but it was cancelled before it could race. It is automatic, not supercharged.

The other major issue with the development of the 222D was that no one really knew exactly what the new rules were going to be when Group S became the new game. Ove Andersson was a Swedish rally driver who started his rally career in 1966 in a Mini Cooper, ultimately landing in a Toyota Celica at the 1972 RAC rally. MR2 222D Group S at Goodwood 2011. the FISA (FIA) announced a possible replacement class to the Group B rally in 1985, it was called “Group S”. Their state of finish however shows that the project was quite advanced but not quite fully completed. The closest thing to a transmission tunnel the MR2 has is occupied by the gas tank, and any AWD transaxle borrowed from a front-engined Toyota would need modification to provide five forward gears and one reverse, rather than the inverse. Furthermore, two drivetrain versions of the rally car were originally developed for testing; one featuring rear-wheel drive for tarmac rallies, and one featuring Xtrac four-wheel drive (of rallycross fame) for all other types of rallies. Toyota never made one, and I suspect that this fellow didn't spend the tens of thousands it would have cost to make it happen. But actually fans know the 222D as ‘Black Beast’, as the prototypes were less noticeabe in matte black than in bright colors.Images: Toyota, Alexander Wohlfahrt, Matthias Kierse, Already in May this year Artega from Delbrück near Paderborn/Germany announced the production of a new small electric car.
Mention machines like Audi Sport Quattro RS 002, Lancia ECV or Toyota 222D, however, and you'll likely be met with a blanker expression. The semi-gloss paint of the black prototypes helps to bring out the car’s bold lines in a very striking manner. A rumoured mystery V6 version also sneaked its way in there at some point. The 2140cc 503E engine (subsequently used in the Toyota Le Mans racers of the late-‘80s) is rated as 600bhp, and as the car only weighed 750kg it had an incredible power to weight ratio. It looks like an MR2 on steroids, although with a lightweight space frame chassis and a massively powerful mid-mounted engine the only thing it shares with the road car is the shape of the body panels. That would have been a big bang.

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